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March 2021

PJVA EMS — AB Crown Request to Remove Struck Companies from Units, February 25
CO&O Draft 2 feedback requested
PJVA JV Certificate Program: Facilities 101 — April 13, 15, 20, 22, 27 - 2021
Energy Transition: A New Model for Bridging the Chasm of Scale
Alberta Providing Another C$400 mln for Oil and Gas Site Cleanup

PJVA EMS — AB Crown Request to Remove Struck Companies from Units, February 25

There was an early morning discussion of the AB Crown Request to Remove Struck Companies from Units on February 25. It was presented by Amy Oliverio, Supervisor JV Central Services at CNRL and EMS Director, Douglas Klug.

Unit Operators have recently been in receipt of requests from the Alberta Department of Energy (DOE) to remove struck companies from tracts in Unit Agreements. Elements linked to this request were described during the session, including:

  • What happens to the struck company's interest?
  • How does the Unit Operator preserve the Units rights to submit claims to the Orphan Well Association (OWA) for the struck company's interest?
  • Does it make sense to remove the struck company's tracts or do you sign a new Lease?
  • Who is responsible for the struck parties Mineral Rentals and Royalties in arrears?
  • Did the struck company pay lease rentals and keep the leases and tracts viable?
  • Do you simply gross up the remaining partner's interests?
  • Is there a tract partner in that tract that could pick up the struck company's interest?
  • What if there is a producing well on the struck company's tract?
  • Is the Operator forced to abandon the well prematurely as a result?

The virtual Early Morning Session featured a lot of interaction between participants. Therefore, it bodes well for future members' events, whether via Zoom or in person, preferably the latter.

Peter Mitchelmore
PJVA Newsletter Editor

CO&O Draft 2 feedback requested

PJVA members, your prompt attention is requested. Your input and feedback are required for the finalization of the new CO&O.

In the coming weeks, there are several opportunities to provide your feedback on the latest draft CO&O. Keep your eyes open for a message from the PJVA in regard to call for final comments to be submitted to the Task Force, a survey to gain your insight and thoughts, as well as an Early Morning Session to outline the changes from draft 1 to draft 2.

Your participation is imperative for the release and successful adoption of the new CO&O by industry. We thank you in advance for your continued support!

Richelle Lindsay
PJVA Past President

PJVA JV Certificate Program: Facilities 101 — April 13-27, 2021

Introduction to Facilities

For the non-engineer, you will learn a broad range of engineering techniques and concepts that affect field development, facilities and operations which, ultimately, roll up to the joint venture team to manage under an agreement. This course is also an in depth look at various Gas Facilities and Oil Facilities; each section comprises Reservoir, Gathering and Processing, Transportation and Marketing of products. Most of all, you will learn to understand your engineers and apply that understanding to the JV arrangements.

Schedule (Recently changed) Pricing
Apr 13, 15, 20, 22
Times: 4:30 pm — 7:00 pm

Exam - Tue, Apr 27
Time: 4:30 pm
Members $545 +gst
Non-members $575 +gst



Energy Transition: a New Model for Bridging the Chasm of Scale

Written by Halliburton Labs and published by Reuters Events February 16, 2021.

The energy transition, or the transformation of the global energy sector from fossil-based to zero carbon sources, has emerged as a key challenge of our time. It is a term increasingly used by experts and laypeople alike, yet few have a real notion of the enormity of the concept. Most people are likely aware that a move towards renewable energy systems can help avoid the threat of global warming and support a more sustainable future. However, there is little appreciation of the difficulty and complexity of achieving this switch. The magnitude of the change is such that it is still uncertain whether current technologies will be sufficient for the job. Until the pathway is clear, we cannot afford to switch off fossil fuel power systems, which form the bedrock of modern society. Equally, there is no time to lose in seeking solutions to the energy transition conundrum. Even if global warming were not an issue, the fact remains that most fossil fuel reserves are expected to have run out by the end of the century. We must find alternatives and bring them up to scale - fast.

Observers frequently point to the rapid uptake of mature renewable technologies, such as wind and solar, as evidence that a global energy transition can be achieved within a matter of decades. Whilst it is true that the growth of these technologies has been outstanding in certain high-profile markets, such as the US, on a global level the picture is far from optimistic. In the last 50 years, global direct primary energy consumption has risen by 161%. That said, today 86% of all energy still comes from coal, gas and oil. Even worse, the consumption of these fossil fuels has increased by 172% in the last half century - faster than the increase of energy use overall.

For some experts, it is clear that renewable energy remains a long way away from being able to replace fossil fuels. "The past two decades, the world has spent [according to International Energy Agency data] about $2 trillion on building out non-hydrocarbon energy systems," says Mark Mills, a senior fellow at the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. "World dependence on hydrocarbons as a share of total supply has over that time declined just 2 percentage points. Put differently, the scale needed is at least 50 times what has been deployed to date." This is likely to be an underestimate, he says.

Since renewables have lower capacity factors than fossil fuel generators, and require additional infrastructure for transmission, distribution and energy storage, "it would be more like 100 times the spending to date: more than $200 trillion," Mills says. Even if the money for this buildout could be found, it remains unclear whether current technologies are sufficient to fully decarbonize the grid. In 2009, for example, Cambridge University 's Prof. David MacKay estimated that the entire world's wind resources would only deliver 24 kilowatt-hours (kWh) of energy per person per day, significantly below the 80-kWh needed for an average European lifestyle.

The scale challenge seems to imply that humanity needs more innovative solutions to achieve a full energy transition. Such solutions are in train. Carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS), for example, promises to head off the threat of global warming while creating the foundation for a circular energy system based on synthetic fuels. And fusion could offer potentially unlimited clean energy forever. The problem with these transformational technologies is that they are still at an early stage of development—and may turn out to not be viable. The World Energy Council, for example, does not expect CCUS to start scaling until at least around 2040. But in one of its three future energy scenarios, the tipping point is not until a decade later. In another, the tipping point never comes.

For fusion, meanwhile, there are optimistic predictions that test reactors could start delivering energy into the grid in the early 2030s. However, since the technology is still at a precommercial stage, such forecasts could easily be out by several decades. Even many promising nearer term technology innovations, from tidal stream generators to compressed air energy storage, have been under development for most of the 2000s without an appreciable growth in scale. Such sluggish progress would not be a problem if society had plenty of time to carry out the energy transition. But that does not appear to be the case. To combat climate change, the United Nations has called for net zero emissions by 2050, a target which is likely impossible to achieve at current rates of increase. And even ignoring the climate threat, it is likely that economically viable reserves of fossil fuels will run out well ahead of the end of the century. The business case for some present-day hydrocarbon extraction activities is already in doubt.

What emerges from a consideration of the energy transition's scale and time challenges, is not that there is a problem with innovation, but there is a problem with scaling innovation fast enough. For context, the solar and wind industries that are starting to take off today are based on technologies that were around in the 1950s. The challenge of scaling rapidly Based on such timelines, current innovations such as CCUS might not begin to have a significant impact on the energy system until the end of the century. To be useful, the scale-up rate needs to be at least two or three times faster. This raises the question of whether current scale-up routes are sufficiently effective. The answer is unclear. One review of 50 promising US venture capital-backed cleantech start-ups revealed that only one—Tesla—had succeeded in achieving global scale after a decade. Part of the reason for this low success rate is that startups have to go through all the stages of growth, from research and development to mass-market acceptance, largely on their own and frequently in an intensely competitive market environment. This process may be beneficial in ensuring survivors are robust and highly competitive. But given the energy transition's time constraints, it might pay society to look for shortcuts. In particular, established corporations could play a key role in helping start-ups to scale, says Carmichael Roberts, founder and managing partner of Material Impact and a member of Breakthrough Energy Ventures, the clean energy funding group founded by Bill Gates. "There's a lot of money going into this area, but to scale we need large companies," he says. "There's not enough investor capital or time to do this organically. With climate change, every week, every month, every year matters." Breakthrough Energy Ventures is looking to deal with the challenge by backing innovations that can cut emissions by at least half a gigaton of carbon a year. Trying to scale up technologies the traditional way is unlikely to get results in time, Roberts says. "It's not that it's not possible," he notes. "It just isn't practical."

Of course, it is true that large corporations are already involved in fostering innovation. Many have in-house innovation teams and business incubators, for example. Even more act as early-stage investors in start-up companies. In the energy space, notable examples of this activity include Enel's Enel X unit, which fosters transformational concepts such as energy storage and electric vehicle charging, and Shell Ventures, which backs start-ups in the power, resources, fuels and mobility sectors. However, these initiatives tend to be closely aligned to corporate interests and thus may fail to spot blue-sky 'big bets' of interest to Breakthrough Energy Ventures and other transformational funding parties. Such moonshot start-ups have typically been incubated in university or government labs, with Alphabet's X innovation arm representing a rare corporate example. While good for innovation, these labs do not fare so well with the pressing issue of scaling up because the organizations hosting them sit outside the energy infrastructure ecosystem. What is needed, according to Scott Gale, executive director of Halliburton Labs, is an incubator model focused more specifically on how technologies can be scaled from within the energy space. For this, it helps to have prior experience. At Halliburton, for example, "We've seen a lot of things in terms of our supply chain at scale, and understand what it takes to move materials," Gale says. "As you go from 10 kilograms to 10,000 tons a month, there's an environmental footprint. You can't ignore that." Large energy corporations are aware not just of supply chain issues but also a whole host of other challenges that can emerge as technologies achieve scale, such as end-of-life disposal and recycling. The corporations are also already plugged into global manufacturing and service de-livery networks, providing a means for rapid, highly scalable transformation. An example of this can be seen in the automotive industry, which is preparing for the energy transition by retooling manufacturing facilities to deliver electric vehicles. Until now, such capabilities were rarely within reach of small, innovative companies.

The energy transition is creating the need for a new model of interaction between start-ups and enterprises. Whereas the former will continue to focus on 'will it work?', the latter need to have a greater say in 'will it scale?' Halliburton Labs was set up with this mission in mind. Although the venture takes a small equity stake in the start-ups it selects, the main purpose of the relationship is not to deliver funding but to provide access to the kinds of resources, from intellectual capital to industry contacts, that are not usually available to start-ups. "It's 'Can our Network help this company?'" says Gale. "I like to think of Halliburton Labs as bringing resources, knowledge and capability, and packaging it up in a unique way so it becomes an enabling milestone on their journey."

For corporations to act as scale-up facilitators like this could help speed up the energy transition in two ways. First, the corporation can apply its operational experience to assess whether an innovative concept has the potential to work efficiently at scale. This immediately narrows the field of potential market aspirants to those that have a real chance of making a difference. Second, by bringing a start-up under its wing the corporation can allow an innovation team to focus on developing its concept, rather than being distracted by issues such as fundraising and competition. This can help speed up the development cycle. For the formula to work well, though, it is important that the corporate partner has a hands-off management approach and does not try to second guess winning concepts beyond selecting those that can work at scale. This approach is welcomed by climate change fund managers. "Halliburton Labs is creating a nest and they don't know what the eggs are going to be," says Roberts. "I don't think they should be creating the eggs themselves." For Greg Powers, innovation mentor at Halliburton Labs, that's not a problem. The idea isn't to back a particular horse in this race, he says. Instead, "We're trying to figure out: is this going to be a good horse?"

*The newsletter may contain material sourced from to third party websites. The material is provided solely as a convenience to you and not as an endorsement by PJVA of the contents on such third party Websites. PJVA is not responsible for the content of third party sourced material and does not make any representations regarding the content or accuracy of materials on such third party Websites, or the availability of such Websites. If you decide to access third party Websites, you do so at your own risk.

Alberta providing another C$400 mln for oil and gas site cleanup

Published by Reuters and republished by BOE Report, February 12, 2021

Canada's main oil-producing province Alberta said on Friday it will provide another C$400 million in funding to clean up inactive oil and gas wells, part of a program aimed at supporting oilfield services jobs. The funding is on top of C$400 million Alberta made available for well cleanups last year, and comes from the federal government's COVID-19 economic stimulus spending.

Canada has said it will invest C$1.7 billion to clean up orphan and abandoned wells, helping maintain thousands of jobs. The coronavirus pandemic battered fuel demand and sent oil prices plummeting, pushing many producers and oilfield services companies to the brink of collapse. There are more than 94,000 inactive wells in Alberta, which have prompted widespread concerns across the political spectrum about environmental impacts and the cleanup cost.

"This money is going to the service sector to create jobs, and at the same time it has the added benefit of site remediation and environmental cleanup," Alberta Energy Minister Sonya Savage told a news conference.

C$100 million of the funding will go toward cleaning up oil and gas sites in First Nation and Metis communities. The remaining C$300 million will go to oil and gas producers which paid for well closure work in 2019 and 2020.

In total, Alberta expects to generate almost 5,300 jobs through the abandoned well rehabilitation program.

The announcement comes a day after neighboring British Columbia said it would make another C$50 million available for its dormant well cleanup program.

*The newsletter may contain material sourced from to third party websites. The material is provided solely as a convenience to you and not as an endorsement by PJVA of the contents on such third party Websites. PJVA is not responsible for the content of third party sourced material and does not make any representations regarding the content or accuracy of materials on such third party Websites, or the availability of such Websites. If you decide to access third party Websites, you do so at your own risk.